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A Few Male Ventures In Food Preparation


Solar Food Preparation

Dulce de Leche

1 liter of whole milk
1 tablespoons of stevia / erythritol mixture
1 tablespoon of sugar
100 ml of cream (optional)
1 vanilla stick or vanilla extract (optional)

1 teaspoon baking soda (optional)
10 grams of unflavored gelatin (optional)

Really, you only need milk and sugar. That's it. I like my dulce de leche more creamy, so I add cream.
Sweeteners can be added to taste. I find any store bought dulce de leche overly sweet. They add as much as 1/2 ratio of sugar/milk. Practically ruins the experience.
Erythritol crystals melt at 121 degrees celcius, but do not reduce (chemistry).
Gelatin is to make the dulce de leche denser with a shorter cooking time. It's cheating and not necessary.
Baking soda helps reduce lumps in the dulce de leche. Some recipes have it, but I am suspicious of this ingredient on the end outcome.

OVEN ATTEMPTS:

I have attempted using an oven to make dulce de leche, because I thought heat is more evenly distributed, and will keep the mixture from burning on the bottom of the pot. Milk has a boiling point of 95 degrees celcius, however, you can set the oven slightly above this temperature. Maybe an infrared thermometer would help to check the temperature of the milk surface.

As opposed to an oven, cooking with a pot on top of a flame can superheat the milk adjacent to pot surface, causing it to boil over and spill from the pot. The bottom of the pot in an oven is unlikely to reach such a high temperature as that of a flame.

In an oven, the top surface of the milk is at more of a danger of burning from the top coil of the oven, from radiative heat transfer.

Also, if you set the oven temperature too high, the fat will separate, or perhaps break down, and you won't get a creamy mixture: just runny oil with chunky parts.

For some reason, it takes FOREVER in the oven. More than 5 hours. Is the moisture not allowed to escape, thus keeping the water in the milk from evaporating?

NORMAL INSTRUCTIONS:

Place milk, cream, and sugar, and the optional vanilla, in a stovetop pan, and bring to 90 C.
At 90 C, you can optionally add baking soda, and optionally add gelatin.
Stir every so often. You will require progressively more stirring as the milk thickens. You can also turn down the temperature as it thickens to reduce a temperature gradient between the surface and the inside of the dulce de leche. Some people add marbles to encourage self mixing, and perhaps they also create a surface at a higher temperature than the surrounding dulce de leche. I suspect that commercial production of dulce de leche involves ovens with automatic mixing.

No Cooking Alternative

Raw milk and milk cream, stirred with powdered milk to thicken, sweetened with stevia and erythritol.

Tevias brand drops ingredients

Also excellent stirred with Instant Toasted Barley (Ecco brand).


Raw Milk Yoghurt

Full instructions for making raw milk yogurt at:
https://nourishedkitchen.com/raw-milk-yogurt

Cold Incubation

If one were to genetically engineer yogurt that proliferated at 4 degrees Celsius, you could put some in fresh cow milk on the first day, and instead of having milk go bad, you would have sour flavored yogurt.

“ The longer yogurt ferments the less lactose remains and the lower the pH the yogurt will have. This has the effect of making yogurt taste sour and may cause it to separate between curds and whey. Unless there is mold growth or other signs of spoilage it is safe to consume over fermented yogurt. … As the milk continues to acidify the proteins begin to disassociate with whey in the milk, a process called Syneresis. This causes it to separate into curds and whey. By draining this whey off the yogurt becomes thicker, more like cheese which will last longer in unrefrigerated conditions. ” urbanfermentation.com

Fresh milk, even if refrigerated, starts to turn sour within 2-3 days anyway. Adding genetically engineered yogurt culture that proliferates at 4C would extend the life of the milk as yogurt, with no heat and minimal effort.

Further details


Discussion

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fun/recipes.txt · Last modified: 2022/06/28 11:43 by marcos